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A Narrative Review of the Impact of Disbelief in Chronic Pain
This narrative review sought to explore the wider social context in which individuals with chronic pain may experience disbelief toward their pain.
The experience of stigma can occur in a number of ways. It may be through actual or perceived encounters with others; it can be through the use of psychological explanations of pain; it can come through a perceived challenge to one’s integrity and subsequently affect an individual’s identity; and such stigma may be influenced by negative female stereotypes.
The loss of relationships associated with being disbelieved can lead to the experience of isolation. This may be self-initiated, particularly when an individual has been given a contested diagnosis.
Finally, disbelief can lead to emotional distress. This can take the form of guilt, depression, and anger. Throughout the article, implications for health care professionals, working with individuals living…
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